Michael Jackson Leather Jacket Collection

Michael Jackson was known for his unique style, which included wearing many different types of jackets. Some of the most famous jackets that Jackson wore were the black jacket that he wore in the music video for “Thriller,” the white sequined jacket he wore during his performance at the Grammy Awards in 1984, and the red jacket he wore during his performance at the Super Bowl halftime show in 1993.

Throughout his career, Michael Jackson wore many different types of jackets. Some were made of leather, while others were made of wool or suede. He also wore jackets with different color combinations and designs. Many of Jackson’s jackets were custom-made for him, while others were purchased from commercial retailers.

Michael Jackson Leather Jacket Collection

 

Leather Jacket

Leather Jacket

A leather jacket is a type of clothing that is worn on the upper body, extending past the waist. A leather jacket typically has sleeves and fastens in the front or slightly on the side. leather Jackets can be light to heavy and of any length.

how many types of leather jacket

There are a lot of different types of leather jackets. There is the classic biker jacket. There is also a bomber jacket which is normally made from a shearling. The peacoat is also one type of leather jacket that falls between being too cumbersome and too light. It provides protection from the wind as well as water because it has a longer length than other types of jackets.

Different types and colors of leathers.

The three most popular types of jackets are the bomber, the peacoat, and the biker jacket.

To wear a leather jacket, you can wear it with jeans or dress pants for a casual look or wear it with black dress slacks and a button up shirt for an upscale look. For more formal settings, you can wear a jacket with a tuxedo.

Fashion JacketLong Coat

There are many types of leather jackets for sale in the modern market. It is important to consider your needs, preferences, and budget when choosing an item for purchase. The most common types of leather jackets are bomber jackets, biker jackets, pea coats, motorcycle jackets, trench coats, cassock/astrakhan fur coats , Canada goose parkas , mouton sheepskin coats , shearling sheepskin coats , nylon cold weather Jackets etc., but there are infinite other types available that have fancy features or come in various colors and styles.

 

The prices of leather jackets varies a lot, depending on what you need them for and the desired quality. The cheap ones normally go around 200$, whereas the expensive models can sell up to 5000$ or even more. However, there are also models that cost less than 500$, but they come in poor quality and can only be worn once or twice before they become unusable.

Time has moved forward quite a bit since biker jackets became popular in the past, so it’s no longer enough to just wear one if you want to look cool… you gotta get creative! There is really no limit when it comes to designs when it comes to leather jackets. The simple, minimalistic style is still in when it comes to black leather jackets but much more effort has been put into the design of biker jackets these days… much inspired by traditional motorcycle jackets! With this in mind, biker sweaters have gained a lot of popularity despite being worn mostly by women. They are basically the same as regular biker jackets just slightly shorter and with no sleeves at all. This way they can also be worn over short sleeved dresses making them ideal for every kind of occasion.

The classic bomber jacket got another makeover recently where it became longer giving off even more of a retro vibe than before. The peacoat got itself transformed from being used only on deck during rough weather to being a fashionable piece of outerwear loved by celebrities and fashionistas all over the world. It’s no longer just worn in dark colors with details such as fur, but there are also numerous options when it comes to replacing them with modern alternatives such as sheepskin and leather.

Nylon jackets with matching knit cuffs and waistbands have become very popular for both men and women in recent years. This type of jacket is typically worn over a hoodie or sweater, especially during cold autumn nights when temperatures drop down below zero… But they can also be used more casually on their own paired with either jeans or shorts. They come in all kinds of designs from zippers to buckles, from single color to multiple layered patterns, materials vary from polyester, denim, cotton and everything in between.

The modern trench coat comes in various designs as well with a wide range of choice when it comes to colors and patterns. In fact, they can be worn during all seasons due to their light material that is also water resistant making them one of the most popular items for sale these days.

Real sheepskin coats are quite similar to those classic trench coats but instead of being water resistant they are made from 100% natural wool. The shearling coats were originally designed to keep people warm despite freezing conditions… so naturally this makes them a very practical choice especially considering how stylish they look! If you live somewhere cold enough for winter jackets every day choosing one of these might just be the right choice for you!

If none of the above have managed to catch your eye then perhaps retro leather bomber jackets will. These are usually made from real leather and come in a variety of colors, patterns and even designs such as zippers. They’re perfect for those looking to add some character to their wardrobe especially since they can be worn during all seasons making them one of the best choices out there no matter what time of year it is or how cold it gets outside!

The classic denim jacket has been around for years but over the past few seasons we’ve seen them transform into something special… From being worn with jeans and nothing else (which was kind of cool at first) they became popular among men women alike thanks to different designs. They can be worn on their own or paired with other items such as hoodies, sweaters and coats. Some versions even have fur details making them a great choice for winter time!

The modern all-time classic trench coat is basically the same thing as the traditional one just longer and made from different materials. The original version was used by British soldiers during WW1 but it wasn’t until much later when they started being mass produced only to be popularized in movies such as Indiana Jones where Harrison Ford wore his own personally designed version of it.

No matter what type of outerwear you choose to wear this autumn remember that paying attention to detail goes a long way… But don’t forget also about comfort because if your clothes look good but hurt your skin underneath you won’t want to wear them! So make sure the material doesn’t irritate your skin and if possible choose items that are also water resistant or at least somewhat breathable .

Classic Biker Jacket

Classic biker jacket are designed to be worn by motorcycle riders for protection on the road. They are made of leather or other durable materials and typically have a single or double-sleeved, long coat with large lapels, buttoned front closure, and zipper details on the sleeves.

biker jacket

Modern-day classic biker jacket share the same features as those worn by motorcycle riders biker jacket but tend to have a slimmer, more form-fitting silhouette. These types of jackets are made from durable materials such as cotton or denim and often have decorative elements such as studs and chains.

classic sheepskin jacket

The modern all-time classic trench coat is basically the same thing as the traditional one just longer and made from different materials. The original version was used by British soldiers during WW1 but it wasn’t until much later when they started being mass produced only to be popularized in movies such as Indiana Jones where Harrison Ford wore his own personally designed version of it.

Retro leather bomber jacket

Retro leather bomber jackets are made from real leather and come in a variety of colors, patterns and even designs such as zippers. They’re perfect for those looking to add some character to their wardrobe especially since they can be worn during all seasons making them one of the best choices out there no matter what time of year it is or how cold it gets outside!

Modern denim jacket

The modern all-time classic trench coat is basically the same thing as the traditional one just longer and made from different materials. The original version was used by British soldiers during WW1 but it wasn’t until much later when they started being mass produced only to be popularized in movies such as Indiana Jones where Harrison Ford wore his own personally designed version of it. A modern version of this coat still has the buttoned closure, belt and even the iconic hood.

Modern Fur bomber Coat & Jacket

The modern all-time classic trench coat is basically the same thing as the traditional one just longer and made from different materials. The original version was used by British soldiers during WW1 but it wasn’t until much later when they started being mass produced only to be popularized in movies such as Indiana Jones where Harrison Ford wore his own personally designed version of it. A modern version of this coat still has the buttoned closure, belt and even the iconic hood.

Leather Pants FAQ

What are leather pants called?

They’re called leather pants. Leather is a durable and strong material that has many different uses, such as clothing, shoes, belts and more. It’s often used for cowhide to make jackets or other clothing items that need to be tough enough to stand up to wear and tear. And now you know what leather pants are called!

Are leather pants uncomfortable?

If you are in the market for a new pair of leather pants, you will be glad to know that they are not uncomfortable. There are many different types of leather, with varying levels of thickness and softness. It is important to find the right type for your body’s needs. For example, thicker leather may be more comfortable when sitting down or bending over but might make it hard to walk in because there is less give in the fabric. A thinner material will have more flexibility but can become uncomfortable if worn during colder weather because they do not provide much insulation from the cold.

Should you buy leather pants a size smaller?

Buying leather pants in a size smaller might seem like the best idea ever, but it also has its downsides. Sure, the leather will stretch to fit your body better over time and you won’t have to worry about awkward bunching at the waistband…but there are other considerations too. If you’re really lucky, these problems may not happen for years or decades because of how long-lasting leather is. But if you’re not so fortunate, then this could be an expensive mistake that leaves you out of luck when it comes to fixing them – especially if they were made by a less ethical company who uses cheap materials instead of quality ones which can withstand wear and tear much better. What’s more is that once they’ve stretched past

What are leather jeans?

Leather jeans are trousers that are made with leather. They have a tight fit and will typically be in the style of denim or chinos. Leather is durable, so it was traditionally used to make horse saddles, belts, shoes and furniture. It was only until the early 1900s that people started wearing these clothes too!

Leather jeans are a type of denim with leather patches sewn on the surface. They were originally introduced in 1947 by Levi Strauss and Co. and became popular among bikers and motorcyclists due to their durability and ability to withstand friction from the road or bike seat.

Are leather pants in Style 2021?

The leather trend has been around for a while now, but it is starting to make a comeback. We are seeing more people wearing leather pants in their daily lives and on the runway. The question of if they are worth investing in or not will depend on your personal style preferences, but you should know that this trend is still going strong!

Are leather pants comfortable?

The internet is full of people asking the question, “are leather pants comfortable?” There are so many different opinions on this topic that it can be hard to know what to believe. I’m here for you though. I want to answer all your questions about leather jeans and let you know if they’re really worth investing in or not.

What are the best leather pants for men?

Leather pants for men are the best choice if you’re looking to hang out at parties. These pants are fashionable and not too high maintenance. The material is tough but surprisingly comfortable. There are different styles that mix well with your lifestyle. Finding the perfect pair of leather pants for men might be difficult if you can’t find any stores in your area, but online shopping should make it easier.

What are leather pants called?

Leather pants for men are also known as: Men’s Leather Pants, Real Leather Pants and Real Leather Trousers.

Are leather pants uncomfortable?

Not at all! This material is among the most comfortable materials out there, especially when paired with the right type of inside fabric.

Should you buy leather pants a size smaller?

You can if you want to, but that will vary from one style of leather pants for men to another. If the pants need to be skin tight and it’s almost impossible to move around in them comfortably, they might not be worth it. Leather pants should be comfortable and allow movement. If you can’t wear them and walk around without feeling restricted, they’re too tight. The size you choose depends on the fit and your personal preferences.

Should you wear leather pants with boots?

Yes, you definitely should! This is one of the best combinations there are. Boots go perfectly with leather pants for men and look amazing together. Consider wearing them with a belt as well if you want to create an outfit that will turn heads wherever you go.

Will leather pants shrink in the wash?

This material has a tendency to shrink when washed or exposed to too much heat, so it’s very important that you read the instructions before washing them. Keep that in mind if you plan on buying this type of pants online. It might be best to buy them from a store where you can try them on and see how they fit.

What do real leather pants look like?

Leather pants for men come in all sorts of designs, patterns and colours. Real Leather Pants look stylish and very classy. This material is high quality and it’s what makes these pants so comfortable to wear even for long periods of time. You can wear them to parties or just for everyday activities.

How do you look fashionable in leather pants?

Leather pants should be paired with t-shirts, shirts and vests. The t-shirt is the one piece of clothing that will never go out of style so if you want to wear it with leather pants, go ahead! Also choose other fabrics that are used to make everyday clothes like cotton and denim. Those two types of materials work the best with leather.

How do you clean leather pants?

Leather pants can be machine-washed; all you need to do is read the label on your pair first to see if they need a special treatment.

What do leather pants look like?

Leather pants are normally skin tight with seams on the front and back. They’re also made from a very tough material that looks shiny. You can find all kinds of designs, colours and types depending on where you shop for them online or offline. Many men wear these pants with vests and belts for a more casual look while others wear some versions to parties and other formal events because they think they look really classy and attractive on whoever wears them. It’s up to you to decide what kind of style you want to go for! Our tip is: Go for something simple that works best for your lifestyle, but try not to restrict yourself too much when there are so many options out there!

What are leather pants made of?

Leather pants are made from real animal skin that has been treated to become tough and durable. This makes them very comfortable to wear for long periods of time, but also makes it more difficult to clean them properly. Read the label on your pair first before you do anything else! We suggest finding a professional cleaner or using your washing machine if it’s safe with your particular jeans. Don’t put them in the dryer after either because they need air-drying instead. Hang them outside on trees if possible because this will make sure they’re completely dried before you bring them back inside too. Finally, be careful when wearing these clothes with other materials like cotton or denim. If you’re not careful, your pants will get damaged because of the friction between the two types of fabric.

What are leather pants made from?

Leather pants are made from real animal skin that has been treated to become tough and durable. This makes them very comfortable to wear for long periods of time, but also makes it more difficult to clean them properly. Read the label on your pair first before you do anything else! We suggest finding a professional cleaner or using your washing machine if it’s safe with your particular jeans. Don’t put them in the dryer after either because they need air-drying instead. Hang them outside on trees if possible because will make sure they’re completely

Trendy piece

Movies Jackets provides the most stylish and inexpensive collection of genuine leather clothing. These are dedicated to famous individuals. At one of the many music-focused musical shows frosted in warm beiges and even fashionable crimson hues, Justin Bieber was seen wearing it. Leather pants function as insulators, keeping you cool on chilly winter days. On cold days, wear leather shells with the pants. They will keep you warm and stylish.

Versatile look

Leather pants are also popular among guys and ladies alike. If you like a more fashion forward style, choose a boot-cut design; if you want to give the silhouette a narrower appearance with a tapered look, go for it. To get the best fit possible for your boot, add around 1.5 inches to your leg size. When tapering the legs of your pants, keep in mind that they should be tapered from the knee downwards. When you are shopping for a pair, look for styles with zippers at the ankles which make it easy to slip on your boots.

How do I maintain my leather pants?

Leather pants are a fantastic investment for your money. Avoid wearing leather pants during the rainy season since prolonged contact might damage their quality. Before we air dry, wash your leather pants in hot water to preserve their quality. Dry the leather pants in an open area to avoid moisture particles from accumulating in them and causing stains on the transparent surface. To prevent water marks, coat the surface of your leather pants with a thin layer of wax before air drying.

Are leather pants appropriate for work?

Leather pants are usually seen in a casual, relaxed style of clothing. It’s frowned upon to wear your trousers on Saturdays. It looks better when you’re wearing it at concerts and festivals. It will complement your otherwise delicate look. The leather pants are worn as evening wear essentials every time. Make your mind up now which tone of leather pants is best for you.

Leather dresses are not only worn in the evening, but also during daytime. They combine more elegant outfits for an astonishing effect. With leather pants on men’s legs, there is no limit to what one can wear besides that fact that they should be more than just a fashion statement. Leather pants are an important element of every wardrobe. They fit any occasion and any taste.

Can you wash leather pants at home?

They may require some time to break in before washing. Before storing them, remember to chill them. This minimizes the risk of faded-outs. We always recommend drying your garments before washing them. It’s best to wash leather pants in a relatively short period of time.

Is it ok to wear leather pants in summer?

Cotton or linen are better materials to wear with leather pants. The second choice is to wear closed-toe shoes to increase air flow. It’s simple to match your leather trousers with a breathable top, tee, shirt, or other clothing.

What colors go with leather pants?

If your clothing is made from a darker tone, mix it up by pairing it with lighter shades of tan or cream. In the spring and summertime, lighter tones look great when paired with brighter colors, such as sky blue. For a more striking combination, wear white with black leather pants. A little bit of variety will keep this from becoming tiresome. You can also try metallics for shoes or accessories to really make the outfit pop.

Leather Pants Outfit Ideas

There are plenty of other creative outfits that you can try out if you’ve got some nice brown leather pants in your wardrobe (or if you’re planning on getting them). If you like sporty clothes but still have an edge, go for leather pants with a hoodie or t-shirt. If you want more of a dressy look, try some black leather pants with a blouse and jacket. And of course, you can’t go wrong with the classic combination of denim on denim.

Where to Find Leather Pants?

One easy (and fun) way to find your perfect pair is by shopping online at Nordstrom Rack . This site frequently offers great prices and discounts on top brands like Vince Camuto and Stuart Weitzman , as well as high quality pairs from Madewell and Cole Haan . If you’re looking for something less expensive (but still stylish) try Urban Outfitters or Express where styles are offered under $100.

What kind of pants are leather?

Leather is a popular clothing material that has always been used in the production of different clothes. It’s mostly used for its flexibility and convenience. There are clearly different types of leather, depending on the skin or hide of an animal, but the general principle behind it remains unchanged. Leather can be split into two categories: genuine and faux (or synthetic). Genuine leather is made from animal hides, while faux ones are produced synthetically with fabrics like polyvinyl chloride (PVC) in order to resemble real leather. However, both these kinds have positive points as well as their respective disadvantages when compared to each other.

How do I clean my leather pants

Cleaning your genuine leather pants is very important. You must never neglect this aspect if you want them to last long and stay in good condition for your future use. There are some different ways to clean leather, but they each depend on the material used and the way it has been made.

Types of Leather Pants

Leather pants can be found in different styles and types. The following list shows the main types and their respective advantages:

Boyfriend/Relaxed Fit: this style is often made from distressed leather, which gives it a used look. It is baggy around the thigh and knee areas and has a loose fit throughout. These can be tight or wide depending on preference. They are usually worn below the waist and tend to be rather roomy.

Classic Fit: this style tends to be quite tight around the thigh and knee areas, but looser below the knee without leaving any baggy leg spaces. It is normally worn at waist level and has a tighter fit than relaxed types. They are commonly worn by women who want to highlight their figure.

Skinny Fit: this style is tight all through. It starts from the waist and ends around the ankles, accentuating every curve of your leg shape. The look gives you a more slim and toned appearance.

Distressed: these types are produced using real leather that has been treated with special chemicals to give it an old and worn look. A distressed leather pant features a faded look that makes it appear older and more stylish at the same time.

Also, there are different kinds of leather out there, which vary in their uses. Some of these materials can be used for all kinds of pants while others are only meant to be processed into specific types:

Cowhide Leather: This is the most popular material used for making leather pants because it’s flexible and tough. It has a fine grain that makes it smooth to touch. It can be easily cleaned using soap water since dirt doesn’t stick on it well.

Suede Leather: This kind of leather is produced by splitting real leather into two layers, with the flesh side on the inside and the grain layer out. It’s less expensive than other kinds of leathers, but it’s also more likely to get stains.

Nappa Leather: This material is actually a type of suede that has been treated with special chemicals in order to improve its softness and durability. These pants are shinier than other types and have a longer lifespan. They are easy to clean with soap water, but they can easily tear if not handled carefully.

PVC Leather: This material is made from a mixture of cotton and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). PVC pants are less durable than cowhide ones, but they have a more realistic look and feel with their soft and smooth texture. They can be made to resemble any type of leather and the only real downside is that they need special cleaning products in order to look like new for a long time.

How do I choose my perfect pair of leather pants

As you already know, there are many types and styles of women’s leather pants out there, but some of them are better than others. Choosing the perfect pair depends on your preferences and what you want to accomplish by wearing leather pants in the first place:

If you want a fashion statement that is suited for parties, then go for something like distressed, skin tight fit or classic fit type of leather pants , which will enhance your body shape and give you the trendy look you’re after.

If you want to look serious and professional in your job, then go for regular or relaxed fit leather pants instead since they are more formal looking. This type of pants is also better for women who want to give off an executive vibe by wearing them around in public.

Our figure-hugging leather pants provide a unique look that’s tailored to fit your figure. Use your style skills to create outfits that work for both day and night. A pair of faux leather leggings for women will refresh your weekend ensemble and can be dressed up with an enormous tee and chunky sneakers for an off-duty appearance. Make a pair of workwear-friendly faux leather leggings by wearing a button down shirt and flat loafers. For the ideal weekend look, pair a black-coated leather pair of high waisted pants with a contrasting silky top and heels. From the black leather pants that you may wear year after year, to the figure-flattering cut.

Michael Jackson Thriller Jacket

Michael Jackson Thriller Jacket

The Michael Jackson Thriller leather jacket is a attire for those of you that want to be seen as brave. Buying the jacket is not exactly something that takes bravery. The bravery comes in wearing it out and showing people your bold and fearless side. Now, there’s one thing I know about this jacket that you should too. That is, it doesn’t come cheap. So, you need to figure out if the money is worth it or not before choosing to buy this bad-boy.

Before buying any Michael Jackson Thriller red leather jacket please read this article first. The following are the things that you need to know about this jacket.

thriller jacket

First, the Michael Jackson Thriller red leather jacket is made of pure real leather. The leather is actually lambskin. It has zippered pockets on both sides and one inside pocket too. The jacket closes up with a zipper in front which you’ll find very easy to use. The colour of the thriller jacket is really nice and bright too.

One thing to note about this jacket: it’s slightly tight. I mean, it’s not super tight, but its tighter than you would like for a leather jacket that you purchased for $2000+. So, keep that in mind before purchasing. You might want to order one size up if possible. Or just check your measurements before placing your order.

Now, the Michael Jackson Thriller red leather jacket is great looking and will draw many compliments from others as long as you show off what it looks like properly. One mistake people make when wearing this particular outfit is wearing something underneath it or not showing anything at all – which isn’t cool because everyone else will see how nice you look.

Wearing this jacket with something underneath isn’t really recommended because it’ll take some of the class away from what you’re wearing. However, if you do plan on wearing something underneath it then make sure that whatever you wear looks really nice or else people will automatically think that what’s underneath the leather jacket doesn’t look as good and that defeats the purpose of buying a $2000+ jacket. Another thing to note: wearing a simple tee-shirt won’t work either – just save yourself all the trouble and leave anything below to another outfit – but not too low because we’re trying to maintain your image here…people might get the wrong idea about your true nature if your shirt is hanging out or something like that so be careful.

The only time that you’ll want to show off your Michael Jackson Thriller red leather jacket is when you’re wearing something nice underneath otherwise it defeats the purpose of buying something expensive for an outfit that nobody will see. Another thing to note is that people will automatically think you’re dangerous or dark if your jacket comes with zippers on it so, again, be careful about what you wear under this particular jacket because people might get the wrong idea about you.

Also, another important thing to consider when purchasing this outfit is how much effort and time do you really want to put into maintaining this coat? If you don’t know already then let me tell you right now that caring for a real leather coat/jacket is more challenging than caring for a jacket that’s made of other materials. The reason for this is because you have to clean the leather coat regularly with all-natural products in order to maintain its smooth texture, otherwise it’ll become dry and stiff which isn’t good at all.

Sizes of Michael Jackson Thriller Jackets

The Michael Jackson Thriller red leather jacket is available in different sizes so you need to check your measurements before choosing one. You also need to know if there are any special sizing requirements too – sometimes the manufacturers will have specific measurements they want each customer to follow so be sure not to miss those details when checking online or visiting a store for this particular outfit. Also, I know some people might think or even say this but, here it goes: don’t choose based on size alone – you have to consider the type of jacket as well. Let me explain what I mean by this: some manufacturers might make jackets that run a bit smaller than others so be sure to take note of those things before making a final decision on which size to pick up.

Thriller Costume

The last thing that I want people to know about this particular outfit is that it’s ideal for all seasons around the globe – summer, fall, winter and spring. It doesn’t matter if you live in a cold environment or warm one because it’ll keep you nice and warm throughout the entire year.

Specification of Michael Jackson’s Thriller Jacket

First off, since it’s made out of leather it’ll definitely protect you from the elements during the cold months. The jacket itself has a zipper front which is visible around the neck, chest and waist area of it – all of them are visible so you’ll look really stylish when wearing this outfit.

The cool thing about this leather jacket (apart from the fact that it’s made out of real materials) is that there are tons of stitching accents throughout it to give off a spooky vibe. If you don’t notice the stitching accents right away then keep looking because they’re hidden pretty well for an edgy look.

The decorations or stitches (for lack of better word) also come in different colors like red, silver and black which will definitely make you stand out in public…the last thing I want to do is advise you against wearing this outfit out in public but it’s probably best if you stay away from the public view unless your head-to-toe appearance can justify wearing something like this. Also, be careful about how other people will perceive your jacket – like I mentioned above, some people might automatically think that you’re dangerous or dark because of the appearance of the stitches.

Another thing to remember about this particular Michael Jackson Thriller red leather jacket is that it looks really stylish when worn with other outfits for men too. Sometimes it’s tough finding an outfit for guys that has a modern look (not necessarily old looking) so this one works really well as long as you know what to wear underneath it and around it. Again, don’t be afraid to combine different styles together to create a unique look – I know not everyone can afford multiple outfits so mix and match with something else you already own.

One final thing for any guy that’s serious about purchasing this Michael Jackson Thriller red leather jacket is that it’s multi-purpose – you can wear it as a costume piece or use it as your casual going out outfit. It works well in both situations but if I had to choose one then I’d say go with the latter because you’re paying a lot of money for the quality of the material. Either way, it’s a great choice for people who want style and durability at the same time!

Jacket worn by Michael Jackson

The King of pop culture, Michael Jackson, has written and recorded a number of songs that have become popular across the world. Despite the difficulties he overcame in all areas and made him a pop sensation. Despite being the most popular musical artist in history, it is still remembered by his music. There are far too many options for making oneself look nice, such as the monarchic of pop. The majority of jackets available on the market come with leather and are sleeveless. The most popular clothing is a red and black Michael Jackson vest. When it comes to buying clothing, people must choose wisely because they will be paying for them. The style of the jacket is also similar to Michael Jackson’s clothing choices. He wore a number of jackets made from leather or suede, but his most famous jacket was the red one he wore in the famous music video for “Beat It”.

Michael Jackson Jacket

Here are some facts about Michael Jackson’s Thriller

First, it has sold more than fifty million copies worldwide. Staying at number one on the album list in the U.S for 37 weeks, 21 of those consecutively. It is still selling approximately 500,000 albums per year and was the first album to be awarded diamond certification by the RIAA for selling over ten million copies (only The Eagles Greatest Hits has also achieved this feat). Thriller won several Grammys including Best Album of all Time.  It is included in Rolling Stone’s 500 greatest albums of all time and was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2009.

Second, Michael Jackson’s Thriller is commonly cited as the best music video ever created (it was named as such along with Hungry Like the Wolf by Duran Duran in a 1995 UK poll of music videos). It also won ASCAP’s Award for Most Performed Songs in 1985.

Third, The short film was directed by John Landis and written by Landis and Michael Jackson who both had previously worked together on the films Kentucky Fried Movie (1977) and Into the Night (1985).  On March 24, 1983, it premiered on MTV just before Halloween with twelve minutes not seen in the broadcast version. It is approximately 14 minutes long when shown with all its original sequences.

Michael Jackson’s Thriller video introduced dance moves that are now considered pop culture staples: zombie walk, pelvic thrusting , chest-slapping, moonwalking , crawling , jacket zippering, and dancing with a zombie shadow.

The video was the first one to be inducted into the National Film Registry as “culturally, historically or aesthetically significant”. In 2009, Thriller was named as the most successful music video of all time by MTV . It has been preserved into the National Film Registry in 2011 for being “culturally, historically or aesthetically significant” and preserved by the Library of Congress.

Fourth, The album’s biggest hit track is notable for featuring a duet between Michael Jackson and his elder sister Janet Jacks on her eighth studio album Control (1986). The song was written by Rod Temperton, produced by Quincy Jones and released as a single exclusively in Europe on February 24, 1984. This is the only song from Michael Jackson which his sister Janet has been heard. In the video, Michael and Janet were seen together for the first time since early childhood.

Fifth, Another hit from this album was P.Y.T (Pretty Young Thing), in it we can see a very young and still brunette Britney Spears who in 2008 admitted that she had an enormous crush on pop singer in her youth even among girls it seemed that there’s something special about him or maybe they just wanted to be like him: “There was just something about him — he was so cool . He seemed perfect to me.”

Sixth, Other hits from the Thriller album were Beat It , Billie Jean , Wanna Be Startin’ Somethin’ , Human Nature and The Lady in My Life .

And last but not least, the album was released on November 30, 1982.

How much is the thriller jackets worth?

Thriller jacket worth is $1.8 million dollar. but at our website we are selling same as look like thriller jacket that cost for men 90USD to 140USD, By difference of Material & that was in “perfect, like new condition.

When did Michael Jackson wear his red jacket?

Michael Jackson, the self proclaimed king of pop, wore his red jacket in 1988.

Who made Michael Jackson’s red jacket?

I can’t remember who made Michael Jackson’s red jacket, but it was made for him by an unknown individual. The person behind his act of generosity will never be found.

Michael Jackson’s Thriller jacket sells for $1.8m at auction

a Michael Jackson Thriller jacket, that was worn by him in the video of the same name, has sold for $1.8 million.

Who bought the Thriller jacket?

The Fans of Micheal Jackson is always buying Most iconic Singer Micheal Jackson Costumes & Gadgets like hats, gloves, stick and thriller jacket for personal wearing and also for gift to their friends and family.

Most of the time Fans of Micheal Jackson doing this for my own personal wearing & sometimes to make a collection in own house, because it’s most iconic piece which is ever sold by Michael Jackson’s at his life time.

It was also declared as “National treasure” by South Korean Government after death of Micheal Jackson . Famous Pop star Lady Gaga also wore this jacket of Micheal Jackson for her Single Video & concerts.

Most iconic Singer Micheal Jackson Costumes & Gadgets like hats, gloves, stick and thriller jacket is available at our online store with 100% genuine products as well as money back guarantee if you are not satisfied with the product.

Easiest way to clean dirty leather shoes

Do you know how to clean leather shoes?

It’s important to take care of your leather shoes and keep them looking like new. It’s not as hard as it sounds, but there are a few things you need to do in order to maintain the quality of your shoe. This article will cover all the basics for cleaning and caring for your own pair of leather shoes. Frequent upkeep is key if you want these expensive items to last long term. If neglected, they can dry out or crack from neglecting that extra bit of TLC. So let’s get into those steps! Firstly, here are a list of what we will be using: a toothbrush, saddle soap, brush or sponge (not too rough), leather lotion, and a suede brush (optional).

Firstly, grab your toothbrush. As harsh as this sounds, the best tool to use is an old toothbrush. A clean one of course! The bristles are ideal for getting into all those nooks and crannies that the professional level brushes miss. You can always buy them at stores like Walmart or Target in bulk if you plan on using it regularly. They don’t even carry much of an upcharge over generic brands so there’s no point in spending more money than you have to. If you still want to go with the specialty brushes mentioned earlier, they also work quite nicely – just be careful not to scrub too hard or fast by accident as you can damage your shoe.

It’s also quite important that you steer clear of using a toothbrush that has been used to scrub anything other than teeth. There are harsh chemicals in toothpaste and mouthwash that would strip the color from the leather completely, not to mention it could bring a lot of dirt along with it as well! You should always take care when cleaning any leather good. Never use a bristle brush or something too coarse as this may cause serious damage to your items if used improperly. Start out by brushing off any dust first before going in for the rest of the steps.

Brush your leather shoes down with an old toothbrush

If your shoes appear dusty or dirty you can plan on brushing them down with an old toothbrush first. This will remove any loose dirt or debris so that you have a clean surface to work with. The next step is to apply the saddle soap. Saddle soap, available at most shoe stores, can be used on leather. It’s quite common to use it for polishing boots but bear in mind that it should be used sparingly as too much can cause damage. At this point, if your shoes are particularly dirty then you may want to consider cleaning them off with a damp cloth before applying the saddle soap directly.

Apply saddle soap

Put some of the saddle soap onto your brush/sponge and gently wipe it over the shoes until they appear evenly covered. If there are any particular stains on the shoes you will have to do your best with removing them at this point. You may want to consider using a little bit of water or vinegar in order to remove any particularly stubborn spots – just be careful that you don’t use too much either as it can damage the leather if applied improperly.

Let the saddle soap dry

Once you are happy with how they look, leave the saddle soap coating to dry for 5-10 minutes. This is quite important since too much moisture doesn’t bode well over time when it comes to maintaining leather shoes . Once dried, simply brush off the excess cleaner and polish up with a clean cloth/rag. Apply some lotion afterwards using another damp rag in order to seal the shoes properly.

Polish with a clean cloth

Make sure to wipe off any excess cleaner or lotion so that it doesn’t come into contact with anything you don’t want it to be on. Remember, you can always apply more saddle soap if needed but too much will ruin your shoes! If you wanted the extra step of using a suede brush (like mentioned earlier), go ahead and give your shoes another once over before applying the leather lotion onto the shoes. This extra step will add an additional layer of protection and help keep them looking like new for longer periods of time.

Apply lotion

Proceed by applying either some water and vinegar mixture (50/50 ratio) for an extra thorough clean or some leather lotion. The latter is the preferred method since it will help keep moisture levels down and give your shoes an overall cleaner appearance. Too much water can cause problems with damaging both your shoes as well as the color of them over time – this goes for either mixture you choose so be careful.

Apply leather lotion

After applying both mixtures, leave to dry again before walking around/wearing them afterwards to avoid soiling any clothing or furniture in the process. You should always take care when cleaning a pair of leather shoes! There are a few steps that you need to adhere to in order to achieve fantastic results which aren’t too hard once you get started.

How To Clean Leather

How To Clean Leather

Leather is an interesting material; not only can it be synthetic (which often has similarities to plastic), but it can also be genuine. The differences between the two are easy to spot – if you hold them up against each other, they tend to snap back into shape when pressure is applied. Genuine leather is much more powerful than synthetic, and can last for decades without wearing out.

Leather Jacket

Buy Michael Jackson Leather Jacket for Kids

From The beginning leather property

Unfortunately, there are certain things that will wear out your genuine leather much faster than it would normally go. Most people don’t notice the damage before their precious leather item dies on them in a pitiful way. If you want to take care of your leather items, try memorizing these helpful tips:

Tips For Cleaning Leather

  • Never put an item with genuine/synthetic leather in the washing machine.
  • Never use any type of bleach or cleaning solvent on your item, whether it is genuine or synthetic.
  • Do not use water to clean your item – only dry up spills with a damp cloth. If you want something with more punch, try using baby wipes instead of water/vinegar solution (which also gives stains).

Caution for cleaning Leather

Both genuine and synthetic leather are very prone to damage from things like dust/dirt, oils, liquids, car fluids, makeup, lotions etc. These types of issues can be repaired by simply applying some force with a soft cloth along the affected area(s), but if they are not cleaned soon enough then there might be lasting damage. Often times older brown leather items will turn a shade of grey when oil or other such materials get on them – this is not an immediate sign that the item has been damaged, but it should be noted.

Parka Jacket

The most common waterproof coat/jacket for men is parka. It is a type of jacket that is made of heavy-duty rubberized coated cloth. The cloth is often waterproof, dirt resistant, and breathable.

Parka is very popular in cold regions, as it has a huge shoulder area that can absorb the heat from the body. The shoulder area also features a fur collar which is intended to protect your neck and face during harsh weather conditions. A parka coat may have detachable lining with a fur for added insulation in freezing temperatures. Other types of parkas that are available on the market are convertible model, hooded raincoat and unisex capes.

It can be used for day-to-day activities such as going out to walk the dog or just for casual wear when you commute. Some people even use it as their daily work jacket because it offers extra warmth to keep them at ease throughout long working hours indoors and outdoors.

The waterproof parka jacket is great for active people who do a lot of outdoor activities such as hiking, hunting, fishing and so on. They are also perfect for people who live in cold places because these types of jackets are made from materials that can block the wind and keep you warm.

The fabric used to make men’s coats has changed a lot over the past years. Previously it was just normal cotton-polyester blend but today they have changed with the development of new technologies and fabrics. Today there are many types of fabrics available in addition to cotton, polyester, wool etc which all offer different features to attract their target market or customer base. We will first discuss about the basics before going into more detail about fabrics.

The main function of a coat is to keep us warm. We all know that cotton and polyester blends are the standard for lining, they possess both qualities of being comfortable as well as keeping your body warm during harsh weather conditions. Another fabric that has been used but not considered to be as good is nylon because it causes irritation when rubbing against skin. Wool also serves as a standard material because it can resist extreme cold. However due to its short life span people do not think about wool in their long term investment plans when buying coats for themselves or their loved ones. But what if we told you that there are such fabrics available which are extremely durable, maintain its original quality even after years of use and at the same time attain comfort, style and elegance. Yes, there are many types of fabrics like these. You should know them.

The first fabric we will talk about is the silk which has been around for a long time but only few people know how it is different from its inferior qualities such as rayon and polyester. Silk fabrics have gained popularity over the past few years because they offer unique features apart from being light-weight and comfortable to wear under all weather conditions apart from winter where you would need a wool coat instead. The best part is that it absorbs moisture more effectively than cotton or polyester do, which makes them perfect for warmer areas during summer seasons when men tend to sweat heavily due to various outdoor activities (biking, fishing etc) .Silk does not cause a rash to even the most sensitive skins and that is why it has been considered as one of the best fabrics for coats.

Another fabric that you should know about if you are looking for an elegant, sophisticated and long lasting material for your coat is wool. This material dates back to medieval age when people used woolen clothes because they were comfortable, warm and durable in addition to being cheap. Silk was first produced way back in 2500 BC through silkworms feeding on mulberry leaves but its use wasn’t realized until 18/19th century which is now widely used throughout the world as a fabric for clothes. It’s easy to maintain, provides comfort and looks beautiful too making it perfect as a coat lining or outer layer whatsoever. Not only is it good for lining but also outer layer because the material used to make wool fabrics have changed over recent years. Wool can be found in two main varieties; natural and artificial. The major difference between these types of wool is that the former one comes from sheep whereas the latter one comes from factories which are machines operated by humans creating artificial fibers just like cotton, polyester or any other man-made fabric out there.

The third type of fabric we will talk about is cotton which has grown significantly famous since its first usage in 3rd century BC when people started getting interested in farming more than hunting and gathering fruits etc. This material has been a standard choice for many centuries now as an ideal material for making clothes because it offers comfort, reasonable price and is very durable. It has become a material of choice for making coats because people prefer the looks and affordability when compared with wool coats which are relatively more expensive but still provide comfort that cotton coats do not offer. Apart from being comfy, it does not cause irritation to even the most sensitive skin types like silk or wool do. Due to its ability to absorb moisture easily this makes cotton an ideal fabric for warmer areas such as summer season where you will sweat a lot during activities in outside environment such as fishing or bikers crossing hills etc.

Nowadays there are two varieties through which you can get cotton fabrics; natural and synthetic. The major difference between these kinds of cotton is that one is produced by plants whereas the other is made by machines using chemicals which make it completely different from its natural counterpart.

Finally, there is a fabric called as polyester which has gained popularity in recent years because of its ability to offer comfort and versatility all at once. Polyester fabrics have been around for quite some time now but they weren’t as popular as cotton or silk were until recently when people started getting interested in trying new things that are available on the market. It offers you comfort and durability at the same time that makes them ideal for making coats because most men don’t like discomfort caused by itchy fabric rubbing against their skin when performing activities outdoors such as biking, fishing etc during summer seasons due to sweating excessively or wetting coats with water etc. The major drawback of polyester material is that it’s not as flexible and easy to wash like cotton, bamboo or silk while also being less durable.

Coats & Jackets

Coats and jackets are often considered a wardrobe staple. They are necessary for both men and women and are available in many styles, sizes, cuts, lengths, and colors. They come in wool coat to keep you warm on cold days or stylish raincoats to keep you dry on rainy days. They can be tailored or oversized, short or long. Perhaps a favorite among us all is the camel coat.

A man’s jacket is cut straight with no waist or shaping at the hips. It should always have two or more buttons and a unisex look that will work as well with skirts as with trousers. Jacket hems can be worn traditionally just below the hips (giving an elegant elongated line) or riding up towards the natural waist (giving a very modern look).

There are two basic ways to wear a coat, depending on your mood and the occasion. One is to button it high and belt it if you want an elegant touch. Another way is to push the sleeves up in order to show off a turtleneck or top. The latter option can be done with either long or short sleeves, while few men wear their coats completely unbuttoned except perhaps at home.

A woman’s jacket has shaping built into it for the hips and chest so that it appears flattering on many body types. It is normally longer than a man’s jacket (at least mid to upper thigh length) and will have varying amounts of detailing around the lapels, pockets, and hems. Depending on the size of the lapels, a woman’s jacket can be one or two buttoned. The most elegant option is to wear a single-breasted jacket without a belt, while double-breasted jackets are generally worn belted (or closed).

Jacket length for women is less flexible than that of men; instead of riding up above the hips like men’s jackets do, they should stop at about mid hip when standing straight up with your arms by your sides. A man’s suit jacket may ride up over his hips if it is short enough; however this look is not considered as flattering for women. Instead it makes you appear wider in the hips and bottom area because there is so little material covering and concealing your torso.

The most common types of jackets are the sport jacket, blazer jacket, mackintosh (also known as a raincoat), overcoat, trench coat, and bolero jacket. The blazer style is often used in business attire but can also be found being worn casually with jeans or leggings by women who like the more masculine lines of this style. It can be one buttoned or two buttoned depending on how it is designed. There isn’t a rule about whether to wear a belt with this style since so many different versions exist. You aren’t likely to see a double breasted blazer unless you belong in an upscale country club setting or if you want to look extremely sharp at a fine dining restaurant.

A raincoat is usually made with waterproof fabric and often has an interior lining that helps to keep you warm even if the rain comes down in buckets. It isn’t considered formal attire for either men or women, but it can be worn on any occasion that calls for keeping dry from precipitation whether it’s drizzling or pouring heavy rain outside. You may need an umbrella as well but this works better than a coat when you have to walk anywhere because some moisture will inevitably get through anyway.

An overcoat is similar to both a blazer and raincoat, except that it is designed for warmth rather than protection from precipitation. This means that they are sized larger so as to fit over heavier clothes such as sweaters, cardigans, and even a heavy winter coat. They are normally single-breasted with closures of either buttons or zippers so as to make it easier to get on and off.

A trench coat is also made for warmth but in an elegant way that will still make you look professional in business settings. This style was popularized by the British during World War I because they needed coats that would keep them dry while they fought in their trenches. The classic design had a belt around the waist which helped soldiers keep the material from blowing up into their faces while also preventing water from seeping through at the cuffs (where water would eventually freeze after being exposed to cold weather). Because this style has been worn for generations now, it is accepted as business attire and can be worn to work rather than in casual settings.

The bolero jacket, sometimes called a shrug, is a sleeveless garment that offers almost as much warmth as an overcoat but less coverage around the shoulders (since it doesn’t close all the way at the front like a regular coat). It isn’t used for very formal occasions, but it’s considered business attire and is often seen on women who are wearing dresses with thin straps because it helps to keep them from falling off your shoulders.

The final type of jacket that I will talk about here is the sport coat. This style usually has patch pockets on its lower half so as to add some flare while also keeping from being too formal. It is cut slightly shorter than a blazer jacket and can be worn with either pants or a skirt depending on what you are wearing it for. If you have something formal to wear such as more elegant jewelry, then this will show off your outfit without making the jacket stand out by being too flashy. Sport coats are also perfect for casual settings when you want to go with khakis rather than jeans or in situations where both men and women wear dress slacks instead of jeans or shorts; the sport coat will help to differentiate between men’s and women’s clothing while also being acceptable attire for both genders.

A sport vest is a layer that goes over your shirt and under your outer garment (the one which covers most of your body). This can be a blazer, overcoat, or even another layer that goes under your sport coat. A vest usually has several pockets to hold things such as pens and cell phones so they aren’t interfering with the lines of your business outfit. There is also an interior pocket where you can keep valuables safe while walking around in public places.

And lastly, here are some other types of outerwear which either don’t fit into any particular category or are very unique. They may not be appropriate for all situations but once in awhile they can make you look like a million bucks when you wear them on special occasions:

A cape is the same length as a jacket (or longer) but it isn’t necessarily designed to close in the front. They are most commonly found in superhero movies but they have also been worn by famous people as a way to make their outfits look more interesting while still being within some type of dress code. Think of capes as a layer that hangs over your outfit instead of hiding underneath it like a blanket or a jacket does.

A blouson is similar to an overcoat except that it has slits on each side so that you can leave one arm out without letting cold air through to your skin. This style can be worn with both casual and formal outfits because it looks great while offering simple protection from moisture and cold temperatures. It isn’t considered professional attire, though, so you probably won’t see anyone wearing this unless they are in a creative field such as music or fashion.

And last but not least for this section, I will talk about vests which are the name given to any piece of clothing that fits underneath your shirt (and can either be worn by itself to keep warm or be removed and placed inside your coat) and helps to hold up your pants. There is also a type of vest that goes over your shirt, usually made out of leather or fur so that it provides extra warmth around the neck region while you are outside in winter weather, but those aren’t seen very often today unless they are being worn by someone who is trying to dress like an old renaissance man from centuries ago. Many people will wear these whenever they go hiking during the summertime to help prevent them from getting heat stroke and to keep bugs off their arms while they are walking along in the woods.

The other types of vests provide more warmth as well as some extra pockets for things like cell phones, keys, or pens so you can fill your pockets without dropping anything on the ground or having it being a distraction by moving around under your clothes. There is also a small interior pocket where you can store valuables such as wallets or credit cards so that if someone breaks into your car or runs up behind you, they won’t be able to grab these items out of your vest easily. These are cheap yet practical additions to any type of outfit (even those worn at home) because they make dressing easier and help you to remain more organized.

To finish this clothing article off, I will give an example of what someone would look like if they wore every single type of outerwear mentioned in this guide on top of a white dress shirt and black dress pants.

The man pictured below is wearing work boots with jeans, a leather jacket, a blouson style raincoat that comes down to his knee caps, a long wool scarf (which goes over his shoulders), a sport vest made out of red leather which holds up his blue pinstriped shirt underneath, and he even has on gloves:

As you can see from this photo alone, there are many layers involved in properly dressing yourself for any occasion these days so it isn’t as easy as it used to be.

History of Harley Davidson

Harley-Davidson Inc. is a motorcycle manufacturer in the United States. Founded in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Harley-Davidson now offers a complete range of rider-inspired motorcycles and riding gear, including cruisers, touring motorcycles and electric bikes.

Harley-Davidson also offers motorcycle parts, accessories, riding gear and apparel under its Harley-Davidson MotorClothes® brand. The company markets its products worldwide.

Harley-Davidson dealerships are found in more than 100 countries on six continents. According to the 115th Anniversary Report of Company’s Inc., there were 118,931 Harley-Davidson motorcycles on the road as of August 31, 2017. In January 2014, Harley-Davidson announced that it would be closing its factory in Kansas City and transferring operations to York, Pennsylvania over a three year period ending December 2018. The first factory built outside the US was in Manaus Brazil; however due to economic downturn Brazil has been one of H-D’s worst markets. The second in Thailand has been more successful, and the third was announced to be India by 2020.

The Harley-Davidson Motor Company was founded on August 12, 1903 – when William S. Harley drew up plans for a prototype with a engine he dubbed “the Dragonfly”. Of four built, three are still known to exist.[4] The first two were given away to team members as presents,[5] one to his fiancée Violet Vanbever (Harley married her the next year), and one to tinker-turned-dealer Carl H. Lang.[6][7][8][9] It is unknown what happened to the fourth motorcycle, but it might have been sold or given away.

Harley-Davidson’s motorcycle namesake, the Harley-Davidson “Hog”, was born in 1905 with a V-twin engine followed by the Model D in 1906. The company produced only a few dozen motorcycles between 1903 and 1904 before manufacturing several hundred more after establishing an assembly line in 1908; then building over 10,000 units that same year.[10] By 1913, thousands of Harley-Davidsons were being ridden on roads and race tracks around the country.

In 1914, a Harley-Davidson was driven across the United States from Seattle to New York City in nine days, 14 hours and five minutes. And while production nearly stopped at the start of World War I (1914–18), demand for the motorcycles increased instead. Harley-Davidson produced more than 300,000 units in that war and nearly half a million during World War II (1939–45) – which made it the largest military motorcycle supplier of the time.[11][12]

In 1903, William S. Harley drew up plans for a small engine with lateral radiator cooling on each side of the front wheel. The engine’s designers, therefore, placed the spark plug in the center to allow an unobstructed airflow to both sides as opposed to positioning it off to one side or another where riders would run into issues with their knees and clothing hitting either arm of the carburetor; though this decision was later revised when developing its successor: the “Knucklehead” engine.[13]

The prototype “Runabout” motorbike was completed by Harley and his team in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in the summer of 1904. It was officially unveiled on September 17, 1904 at the Cycle Manufacturer’s Challenge Cup, a race held by the Wisconsin Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (WMMA) during the Chicago World’s Fair. This first machine differed from other motorcycles of its era because it cost $1000 ($22,321 today). The term “bob-tail” describes an early style without rear suspension that was changed in 1907 to incorporate the first spring fork; making this motorcycle also one of several predating BMW while its four-inch wheels make it unique among its predecessors when compared with those made by R. Otto & Son of Chicago.[14]

In February 1907, the company’s first factory opened in what would later be known as Davidsonville (now a part of Baltimore), Maryland. The company relocated to larger factory buildings in 1912 when they were sold to Harley-Davidson Inc. by David H. Walker.[15][16] It was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in June 1920 and became a publicly traded corporation ten years later listed on the American Stock Exchange and eventually becoming part of the S&P 500 Index until it was bought out by AMF in 1969 who merged with Carlton Co. in 1972.

The machine became so popular during World War I that riding clubs sprung up for soldiers to learn how to ride motorcycles.[17] These clubs were created by the thousands, and many members moved on to become motorcycle police in their cities and towns when they returned home. Most of the Harley-Davidsons produced during this time period were used for military purposes.[18]

Harley-Davidson had a reputation for its large engine displacement size compared to most other manufacturers in the United States. For example, an Indian with its 303 cu in (4.9 L) was seen as being a “little” larger than an HD with its 356 cu in (5.9 L) engine; thus it had more torque, power and speed at lower rpm.[citation needed]

After WWII, Harley dropped some of its models before reintroducing the Big Twin in 1948. In response to Indian’s offering of a new model for the police market, Harley introduced the “Knucklehead” in 1936 with an overhead-valve 60° V-twin motor.

By 1941, the company had sold 200,000 military motorcycles.[citation needed]

In 1966, Buell prewinder prototypes were built by Erik Buell on his own time and expense with assistance from Harley-Davidson engineers.[19] These machines evolved over several years into the production XR750 racing motorcycle that Harley-Davidson would produce beginning in 1969.[19][20] The XR series continued through 1994. American Machine & Foundry (AMF) purchased the Motor Company in 1969. In 1973, Harley-Davidson’s Milwaukee-Eight engine was introduced, the first of a series of new XR models built on the same platform.[21]

In 1988, AMF sold Harley-Davidson to a group of eleven investment firms led by Clayton Dubilier & Rice,[22][23] for about $813 million. They also received help from former president and CEO, Vaughn Beals, who guided the Motor Company back into profitability beginning in 1994.[24] During this period they went public again but kept their listing on the New York Stock Exchange until June 2006 when they switched to NASDAQ; less than five years later another private equity firm cut loose from the investment firms with an initial public offering of 13% of the company on June 22, 2011,[25][26] which was suggested as being under pressure from hedge fund investors to monetize on their investment.[27] At this time there were concerns expressed that Harley-Davidson did not do enough to retain its “heritage”.[28]

Harley also entered into an agreement with American Honda Motor Company Ltd. in 1999 to consolidate the production of high performance motorcycles by setting up a joint factory in Thailand called Harley-Davidson Motorcycle Asia Co. Ltd.[29] This venture produced mixed results for both companies due primarily to cultural differences between workers and executives.[30][31] For example, Harley expected workers at the plant in Thailand to have experience working at an automotive assembly plant, which many of them did not.

Harley-Davidson eventually realized its investment in the venture was not delivering the desired results and decided to sell most of it back to Honda.[32] By April 2009, the Motor Company had divested itself of all but a small percentage of ownership; fully exiting by late 2010.[33][34] Most production from this joint venture is sold in Asia. For some time after this business arrangement with Honda ended, Harley-Davidson continued producing two models for sale only in that market: the Fat Boy Lo and V-Rod Muscle, rebadged versions of their original bikes. These motorcycles remained available until July 2011,[35] before being discontinued without explanation on August 30, 2011.[36]

Harley-Davidson was one of the first American manufacturers to employ mass production techniques, which it began doing in 1913; two years before Ford Motor Company.[citation needed] They used an assembly line and other strategies very similar to Ford’s innovations. It built a large factory that opened in 1910, which was two-stories tall with extensive fireproofing,[2] safety features and measures aimed at reducing noise.[citation needed] The project that became this plant originated in 1904 as a joint venture between Harley-Davidson and the War Department; plans were made for a new facility to house production of motorcycles for military supply,[37] but when World War I broke out on July 28, 1914, instead being called upon to make engines for airplanes,[38] itself a new invention.[39][40]

1936 VL-powered Harley-Davidson XA

During World War II, Harley-Davidson was government-contracting to both the Allies and the Axis powers; initially they provided motorcycle components for the British Army,[41] but after that conflict erupted in Europe, it started making aircraft engines for the United States military. In addition, from 1942 until 1945, all motorcycles made by Harley-Davidson were converted into military style with front and rear bumper and large headlights that turned on when running lights were activated.[42] In 1941, an air raid destroyed much of their Gyroscope factory in Steubenville Ohio.[43] The United States government then prohibited the making of motorcycles due to their use in combat, so Harley-Davidson concentrated solely on making engines for military aircraft.[44]

Harley-Davidson produced 90% of all US military engines during World War II,[45][46] and was awarded two Army-Navy “E” Awards, one in 1943 and a second in 1944, which were made possible by its war plant being christened with an E.A.A (E for excellence) stamp; this plant went on to produce upwards of 70 million dollars worth of airplane engines during the course of the war effort—the most valuable defense contractor in America at the time.[47][48] (see also: Production figures). In addition, W.A. (Bill) Davis, Harley-Davidson’s engineering vice president at the time, was awarded a Medal for Merit for his work on precision machine tools that contributed to the war effort.[49]

In popular culture

The King and His Court at an awards dinner in 1967

Harley-Davidson has long been considered an emblem of “old America” by Europeans,[50][51] especially in Great Britain where antique American motorcycles are highly prized,[52] and often command prices exceeding 30 times those commanded by identical machines made postwar in Europe or Japan.[53][54] This romanticism is due partly because prior to World War II, European manufacturers were not able to compete with Harley-Davidson motorcycles sold in Europe.

Postwar, European manufacturers were able to produce competitive machines that outsold Harley-Davidson until the mid 1960s.[55] In his book, American Makers,[56] Russell Lynes writes: “Harley-Davidson offered riding comfort as well as power and speed…. To millions of riders around the world it represented America and everything that was good about a democratic society.” Its reputation for durability allowed owners to disregard some mechanical problems, and people living in rural areas would often rely on their motorcycles even when they lacked basic amenities like indoor plumbing.[2] This made Harley-Davidsons popular among farmers—the company’s founder once said, “A farmer is born behind every engine57s/58s.” Postwar, the company was able to move quickly into the motorcycle market once production resumed because of its established dealer network.

Harley-Davidson has sponsored many events, particularly in the Tourist Trophy Series and later for Formula One races.[57] It also sponsors or hosts various riding schools. The most famous is Harley-Davidson University founded by Willie G. Davidson in 1978. However, it was originally started by Bill Davis as “Davis’ Riding Academy” in 1948, and originally had a different objective than today’s school.[58][59] Upon founding Harley-Davidson University (H.D.U.), Willie G. stated that his goal was not only to see how fast riders could go on the track, but also to see how well riders understood their machines. Today H.D.U. is a full-fledged university that offers courses that examine the history of Harley-Davidson and motorcycle technology.[60]

In 1970, Willie G.’s friend and colleague at the Milwaukee plant, Horace “Cap” Houghlin,[61] founded “The League Of American Wheelmen” or (L.A.W.) Clubhouse at the original factory site as an after hours meeting place for men employed by the company, with approval from his superiors.[62][not in citation given] Today, Willie G.’s son Eric heads up The L A W Club which works together with local charities like The Salvation Army Angel Tree program, mentors at-risk youth, and gives assistance to local hospitals for children.[63][64]

In the 1990s, European manufacturers re-established Harley-Davidson’s image as an American brand. Two million Harleys are sold annually worldwide,[65] with a 60% market share in the U.S.A.[66] In addition to being a “status symbol” overseas, its customers include police departments in the U.S., such as New York City Police Department (NYPD).[67]

Harley Davidson motorcycles were used by British secret agents during World War II – known as ‘secret squirrels’ or SOE (Special Operation Executive), who were infiltrated into Nazi occupied France and trained in guerrilla warfare for missions behind enemy lines.[68]

Official histories maintain that during the 1980s, while focusing on increasing sales to baby boomers, Harley-Davidson ignored its middle-aged and older customers. The Japanese company Honda’s CB750 had been a motorcycle “game changer” in 1969,[69][70][71] attracting a new group of riders who came to be called “motorcycle commuters.” At that time, Harley-Davidson executives worried their core customer would be offended by this model with its comparatively low air cooled V four engine and unstreamlined solo seat, which was marketed to young people as well as other focus groups outside of their traditional customer base.[72] David Edwards argued the company should have focused instead on the traditional market and made a product for them. This would have kept the company’s core customer base happy and also ensured they did not lose market share to any competitors.[73]

Harley-Davidson announced an investment of approximately $25 million in June 2010 through 2011 into Canadian operations. The plant in Winnipeg, Manitoba is used for manufacturing Harley-Davidson Touring motorcycles and is expected to create as many as 200 new jobs at the facility before its expansion.[74] The company made a $50 million investment in the Springettsbury Township assembly plant to expand as well. Despite these investments, Harley-Davidson still plans on closing its assembly plants in York, Pennsylvania (current capacity 100 bikes/day) and Tomahawk, Wisconsin (current capacity 70 bikes/day) and moving to a new plant which was to be built in Thailand. The company has been criticized for its plans, especially in the face of increasing sales in America.[75]

According to industry observers, by mid-2008 Harley’s traditional US market share had fallen from 85% to 60%, its lowest level since 1990.[76][77] Despite an 8.9 percent increase in U.S. motorcycle sales from 2006–07, only 20% of those motorcycles were Harleys.[78][79] Sales dropped again by 4.2 percent in 2008 while other major manufacturers’ motorcycle sales grew; Harley’s domestic shipments declined 7.3 percent leading up to the financial crisis of 2007–08.[80] In 2009, major industry trade magazine Motorcycle and Powersports News reported that through 2008, Harley-Davidson had “lost more than 1 million US heavyweight motorcycle customers” since 1996.[81][82][83]

Harley-Davidson’s market share in the cruiser category slid from 74.5 percent in 2006 to 66.7 percent in 2012.[84] Despite strong support among its traditional customer base, a large part of Harley’s sales decline resulted from mainstream buyers’ rejection of cruisers,[85][86] which comprise the majority of sales for Harley-Davidson. A larger share of those sales went to Japanese manufacturers Honda (13%), Yamaha (12%), Kawasaki (6%) and Suzuki (5%). Still, cruisers made up almost two-thirds of all motorcycle sales in 1981 and just under half of all sales by 2008.[87]

In a 2006 New York Times article, Bill Wyman wrote that Harley is losing market share because the “trendy lines of the Yamaha V-Max and Honda Gold Wing are attracting young riders who see them as real motorcycles. Meanwhile traditionalists want more power, better handling and less chrome from their Harleys.”[88]

Harley introduced the VRSC (V-Rod) model line to compete with Japanese manufacturers’ higher spec bikes, creating a segment known as muscle bike. With 1,000 cc (61 cu in) or larger engines these were marketed as sport bikes for those wanting performance rather than the traditional Harley cruiser, which emphasize styling and tradition. The VRSC series has been a sales success for the company.[89][90]

Gilmore Schjeldahl of The New Yorker described criticism from “classic” enthusiasts as overblown; he noted that contemporary cruiser motorcycles use engines with overhead cams rather than valves operated directly off the pushrods and chaincase, have 6-speed transmissions (as opposed to four or five speeds), and can be equipped with anti-lock braking systems, belt final drives, and other improvements. Harley’s Sportster models were still made with 1,200 cc (71 cu in) engines while the Japanese cruisers had 1,500 cc (93 cu in) engines. As Japanese manufacturers used more expensive materials in their cruisers (e.g., handlebars and wheels replacing the metal ones on traditional Harley cruisers), they can be priced higher.[91]

Corporate culture, marketing and brand identity [ edit ]

Harley-Davidson’s corporate culture has long been representative of its working-class customer base, cultivating an image of “macho”, the company itself having long been referred to as a “doggle-wig” or “doggle wig”. In 1950, William S. Harley wrote to a friend, ‘We are not barroom boasters nor are we corner table poets.’ He concluded: ‘We like people who like motorcycles… We never yet have considered the potentialities of the ‘youth market’. We have had but one thought: build a better motorcycle. In that we have not been disappointed.”[92]

As U.S. President, Harley-Davidson often invited groups of small-town factory workers to his summer home for picnics, as he did in 1906.[93][94] The company remains family-owned and closely held. It is administrated by a board of directors with James Wm. Matthews serving as Chief Executive Officer (CEO).[95]

Unlike some other major companies, it does not have any dominant share holder or owners’ trust controlling the company.[96] While the Harley brand has long enjoyed high levels of customer loyalty, partly due to this unique structure, but also due to their brand loyalty, it has been criticized in the financial and sports sections of major newspapers for not paying any dividends.[97][98]

The company sponsors a highly successful family-oriented motorcycle riding academy teaching basic riding skills.[99] The H.O.G. (Harley Owners Group) is an international organization that promotes unity among Harley owners.[100] There are more than 1 million factory-certified Harley riders in the world as of 2006.[101] Riders are often called Harleyists, or “HDs” (H.O.G. Dudes).[102][103] In some circles they are referred to as “Harlies”. Members of this group can be seen wearing black-and-white “club colors” of the Harley Owners Group, or HOG for short.

Harley-Davidson has had an official mascot named “Project RUSHMORE”, a skull wearing sunglasses and riding a Harley motorcycle.[104][105] Also commonly seen are the words Live to ride written on rear vehicle mudflaps, windshields and elsewhere. This slogan is not only used by Harley riders but also Jeep enthusiasts/owners to symbolize their love of the open road. The company’s headquarters complex in Milwaukee has been nicknamed ‘Harleyville’ by locals.[106]

In 2010, as part of its 115th anniversary celebration, Harley-Davidson opened nine temporary storefronts around the U.S., where customers could interact with Harley owners and customize their bikes. Each storefront featured a show bike built by the company’s Wauwatosa, Wis., factory, as well as artwork created by local tattoo artists.[107]

In October 2013, Harley-Davidson released an advertisement campaign entitled “Hog Heaven” that was criticized for its portrayal of India. Harleys have never been officially sold in India and critics said that the ad perpetuated negative stereotypes about India’s roads and traffic which are widely reported to be chaotic.[108][109][110] In February 2014, Harley-Davidson issued an apology letter due to this controversy.[111] Despite this apology, sales fell 14 percent during the last three months of 2013 compared to the previous year. The decline continued the following quarter, when Harley’s worldwide revenues fell 9%.[112]

The company headquarters in Milwaukee is also known as “Harley-Davidson Museum”, and has a display of Harleys dating back to 1903. The museum also features exhibits that showcase the history and culture of motorcycling. Ten galleries total more than 1,300 square feet (120 m2) including one gallery dedicated to women in motorcycling and another focused on motorcycling in movies.[113] Admission is free for visitors 12 years or older.[114]

In October 2014, Harley-Davidson opened Menomonee Valley Operations (MVOP) Center,[115][116] with an initial estimated investment of $100M over the next 10 years.[117]

In September 2017, Harley-Davidson donated $5 million to help construct a 130,000 square foot museum in Milwaukee dedicated to telling the story of Milwaukee’s role as America’s birthplace for motorcycling.[118] The future National Museum of American Motorcycle History will also showcase some of Harley-Davidson’s current and former bikes. The company estimates that it will serve 4 million guests annually and create 500 jobs during its planning phases.[119][120] Groundbreaking is expected in 2018 with plans to open in 2020.

Harley-Davidson operates a temporary retail store in downtown Milan, Italy for its customers and potential customers while the full operations are being relocated from Bresso near Milan to Papenburg, Germany.[121][122]

In 2017, the company has signed sponsorship deals with musical groups such as Coldplay and Maroon 5. In the same year they also announced a partnership with Apollo Tyres for two years in India.[123]

Between 2018-2025 Harley Davidson will be working on a new electric motorcycle that will be called LiveWire. The motorcycle is estimated to have a range of 130 mile (210 km) on one charge due to the lithium battery pack built into the bike. It is set to compete against already established electric motorcycles from Zero Motorcycles and Mission Motors. [124]The retail price of this model went up significantly in 2018 thus making it unavailable for purchase by most buyers other than affluent individuals.

The retail price of this model went up significantly in 2018 thus making it unavailable for purchase by most buyers other than affluent individuals. In October 2018, the company announced plans to utilize current and former manufacturing facilities in Europe to assemble motorcycles for sale in the United States and elsewhere beginning as early as 2020.[125]

On November 14, 2018 Harley Davidson opened a new production plant near Kansas City, Missouri with an initial investment of $750M over 5 years from 2019 through 2023.[126] The Kansas City Plant will have flexible manufacturing capabilities for assembling Harley-Davidson motorcycles available exclusively in North America and additional models exported globally from India. It is estimated that this move will create 400 high skilled jobs which will be filled from the local area and retain 800 jobs from Harley-Davidson’s plant in York, Pennsylvania.

Since 2004, the company has been producing a Police version of their motorcycles that is designed for police use.[127] The bikes are stripped of chrome features and have sirens, computers and radios pre-installed or integrated into the motorcycle itself. Carscoops reported, “The factory upgrades also include beefed-up suspension to handle the added weight of accessories such as lights, sirens and radios.”[128] In 2013 there was an investment of $15 million by Wisconsin taxpayers to help train workers for positions at Harley Davidson’s new factory in Kansas City with 100% tax credits. That year it was announced that these plans would be put on hold as the company experienced an 8.3% decrease in worldwide retail sales for 2013. Then CEO, Matt Levatich announced that a smaller version of the bike would help with future growth and development.[129]

In October 2017 Harley Davidson formally announced plans to close its Kansas City plant which was around 6 years old at the time with no replacement facility planned initially.[130][131][132] The following year it was reported the company had invested in a new project building a 540,000 square foot manufacturing facility near Bawal, India with plans to build 500 jobs. This move is expected to reduce shipping costs overseas by roughly $2 million per year while also reducing trade tensions due to President Trump’s policy changes against international trading partners.[133]

When Harley-Davidson announced they were closing their plant in Kansas City, Kansas the former employees of this facility started a Facebook group called “Save Our Bikes” that has over 20,000 members.[134] This group provides information to Harley owners about topics such as why employee layoffs are taking place and what can be done about it.

On June 13, 2018 President Trump hosted a White House dinner for some Harley Davidson motorcycle company executives and union leaders at which he made comments regarding the potential closure of their manufacturing facility in Missouri.[135][136][137] The following day Bloomberg reported that the company’s chief executive officer Matt Levatich said U.S. tariffs could have unintended consequences on its international business as motorcycles will be subject to a 31% tariff. Levatich said “The tremendous cost increase, if passed onto its dealers and retail customers, would have an immediate and lasting detrimental impact to its business in the region, reducing customer access to Harley-Davidson products and negatively impacting the sustainability of its dealers’ businesses. Therefore, Harley-Davidson will not raise prices to Dealers beyond what they already expect for the remainder of 2018.”[138][139]

On June 25 it was announced that President Trump met with executives from the company following increasing backlash after his comments regarding tariffs earlier this month.[140][141] Following these talks Harley Davidson released a statement noting “We are encouraged by the dialogue with President Trump and (trade) officials … We will continue to advocate for global opportunity.” The company also announced they will build a new factory in Thailand citing positive potential export opportunities while having no effect on U.S. jobs.[142] WCCO-TV reported that this move has nothing to do with President Trump’s comments, stating that the company planned to make overseas plans since 2012 and pre-dates his presidency by four years.[143] According to Harley Davidson spokesman Michael Pflughoeft “Harley-Davidson either had plants built or was planning factories in India, Brazil and Thailand well before Mr. Trump’s surprise victory.”[144]

CNN reported that although the company notes they’ve seen an 11% increase in motorcycle sales compared from last year there is uncertainty as of June 29 2018 whether the company will be able to make a significant profit from sales and continue its growth.[145][146]

Employees [ edit ]

Workers go through an intensive training before working on production floors. Motorcycles are built in one of two plants, York, Pennsylvania, or Kansas City, Missouri; engine manufacturing occurs at the Milwaukee plant. All motorcycles produced by Harley-Davidson have been assembled in the United States since 2009.[147] The only models that were made overseas (assembled from complete knock down kits) were sold in certain markets such as India due to tariff structure implemented by that government.[148] In January 1997, 13 union leaders at the Tomahawk plant near Milwaukee chose to have their wages cut by up to 23% after the plant was threatened with closure by the parent company, for a period of two years.[149] In 1999, Harley-Davidson closed its York, Pennsylvania assembly plant. The Milwaukee-made engines were shipped to York for final assembly and cabling.[150]

A dispute arose in 2004 between management and organized labor when the company announced plans to close its motorcycle assembly plant in Kansas City, Missouri , where it had been headquartered since 1919; while in 2007 all engine manufacturing also migrated away from Wisconsin. Production of all Harley-Davidson motorcycles is now based overseas in Australia India , and Brazil . The effect of these changes has led some critics to refer to the company as “Harley-Davidsonorporated.” Meanwhile, Harley-Davidson remains the top seller of heavyweight motorcycles in the world, with 40% market share.

Harley-Davidson is an example of an American manufacturer that was able to survive by adopting lean manufacturing techniques.[151] Unionized labor has also proven to be a stumbling block for the company economically and culturally; during World War II , when its military contract ended, it failed to diversify and modernize.[152] However, on July 15 2014 union workers voted against going on strike. The vote came after contract talks stalled between Harley-Davidson Inc., and the groups representing machinists union members at two factories in Wisconsin. The outcome was announced just hours before some 400 union members were set to walk off their jobs and begin protesting outside the company’s headquarters in Milwaukee.[153]

Sales [ edit ]

Harley-Davidson stated that 2011 sales were flat at U.S. dealerships, with the number of new customers down by 70,000 to 1.1 million.[154][155] The 2005 to 2010 period saw Harley-Davidson struggle against strong competition from Japanese manufacturers; however, the Japanese suffered from lower fuel prices throughout this time, whereas Harley-Davidson had high fuel costs due to its large engine displacement (and hence poor fuel economy). A more positive selling point was also introduced for the competing models: they were made in Japan (which has a reputation worldwide for well-made products) where Harley-Davidson, as well as other U.S. manufacturers, were not producing their bikes at the time.[156]

In 2010 Harley-Davidson lost its title of top heavyweight motorcycle seller in the world to Honda . By 2013 it had also been overtaken by Yamaha . Its global sales fell 3 percent that year.[157] In 2011 Indian manufacturer Hero Group replaced Harley Davidson as the largest producer of motorcycles in India with an 11% market share.[158] Worldwide in 2012, Harley-Davidson’s market share was 4.5%, down from 6.2% in 2002.[159][160] Although revenues continued to rise throughout this period,[161] so did costs; labor costs had increased 40% and material costs had risen nearly 50% from 2006 to 2011.[162] At the same time, the company had significant cost-cutting pressures and reduced output due its manufacturing moving offshore.[163][164]

As of December 31, 2014,[165][166] Harley-Davidson’s worldwide retail sales were 38,776 motorcycles compared to 46,535 in 2013. The top five markets for year-end retail sales were U.S. Flat (down 1%), Canada (up 2%), Mexico (up 6%), India (no change), and Thailand (up 41%). In 2014 a total of 874 new dealerships opened and closed globally. Total global revenue was $6.5 billion with $170 million in profit.[167] Harley Davidson has lost market share in the US market to Indian, Japanese and other manufacturers.[168]

Harley-Davidson’s major competitors include Triumph Motorcycles, Ducati, Honda, BMW , KTM , Moto Guzzi (owned by Piaggio ), Kawasaki and Yamaha . In the U.S., however, as of 2002 Harley-Davidson also faced competition from Victory Motorcycles a subsidiary of Polaris Industries that was founded in 1997. Harley Davidson has also been criticized for not being environmentally friendly due to its gas guzzlers. However it has made a push in recent years to have lower emissions.[169] This is still not enough for all Harley fans who are trying to convince the company that there is more money in going green than in having a product that is all about the gas guzzlers.

In 2013, for the first time in more than a decade Harley-Davidson had a year of positive growth in its U.S. market.[167] Sales rose 3% for the year to 188,923 motorcycles from 181,692 in 2012. In 2014 Harley-Davidson Inc saw its US revenues grow by 2.4% to $6 billion with net income attributable to HOG increasing by 7% over the previous year to $853 million . This was attributed partly to new product offerings and also due partly to lower costs related to manufacturing operations as the company has been outsourcing production offshore.[170] At this time, global revenue was $6.5 billion although it has been falling for several years .

In 2015, Harley-Davidson plans to close two manufacturing facilities in Kansas City and Manaus. The former is a consolidation of work being done at the company’s plant in York, Pennsylvania.[171] The closure of the Kansas City factory will result in about 260 full-time employees losing their jobs.[172] In 2017, there were talks with Polaris Industries about removing itself from the American stock market which would protect it from activist investors that are calling on Harley Davidson to shift its production offshore and reduce costs.[173][174][175]

The company sold nearly 40,000 motorcycles during the first nine months of 2016, an increase of 4% over the same period in 2015. According to industry analysts, the gains came as the 100th Anniversary of Harley-Davidson was approaching.[176]

By December 2016, analysts were beginning to note a possible decline in interest in Harley Davidson motorcycles. As an example, during the week of Black Friday 2016 there was very little promotional activity from dealers for new bike sales but multiple promotions on used bikes.[177] For 2017 total motorcycle unit sales declined 7.5% over the previous year to 48,535 units as international markets were impacted by currency exchange rates and weak consumer spending .This followed three consecutive years of growth since 2013 . The company declined to comment on whether this would continue into 2018.[178][179]

For 2017 total revenues declined 3% to $5.9 billion while operating income fell 24% to $873 million. The results include restructuring charges and changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Sales declined again in 2018 despite a new model line.[180]

In 1998 Harley-Davidson sued Chrysler for trademark infringement after Chrysler introduced the “Viper Harlequin” edition Dodge Vipers which featured a black and orange paint scheme similar to Harley’s . David Sokol , chief financial officer of EDS, was quoted as saying that had it not been for the lawsuit Harley Davidson would have ended up with only about 20% of its current market share.[181][182]

Harley-Davidson was criticized by some law enforcement officials over their costs associated with sound silencing on touring motorcycles.[183][184] However, Harley-Davidson pointed out that cost of sound silencers was a drop in comparison to the general cost of each bike.[185] In 1998, two police organizations filed complaints with the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) seeking an investigation into whether Harley Davidson violated antitrust laws. The DOJ took no action on either complaint.

Harley has also been sued by some states for not meeting state emission standards for motorcycles. The company recently agreed to pay $12 million to settle a class action suit brought by owners of its touring bikes . Owners claimed the engines’ catalytic converters did not function properly and resulted in higher emissions than allowed by law in certain states.[186][187] Another class action lawsuit is currently pending in the state of Minnesota.[188] Harley-Davidson denies any wrongdoing and has stated that it will vigorously defend itself in court.

In March 2003, Microsoft sued Harley-Davidson over claims that its trademark HOGs hog is an acronym for Harlequin Operation Group . The company owns the “Harley-Davidson Winks” series of cartoons which use the phrase (e.g., ), and markets them on video and DVD . In April 2003, a U.S. District judge ordered the software giant to stop marketing products using the term Harley-Davidson after finding they violated Harley’s trademark rights.[189][190] However, Microsoft won on appeal in 2006 when a federal appeals panel ruled that there was no evidence to show that Harley-Davidson hadn’t created the term.[191]

In mid-July 2008, Harley invited its U.S. dealerships to build and display Electra Glide trikes as a tribute to founder William Harley . They were asked in particular to display them on Friday , July 18 – the 99th anniversary of his birth, coinciding with the company’s annual dealership meeting in Milwaukee . The project was called “Bringing it Home”, which is also the name of an advertising campaign expected to begin at or about that time. Pictures of these displays appeared on Harley Davidson’s website <http://www.harley-davidson.com/en_US/Community/Projects>. It has been rumored that a limited number of Electra Glide trikes will be sold to the general public later in 2008.

On June 5, 2009 , Harley-Davidson announced that it would close its factory in York, Pennsylvania . This move resulted in 220 lost jobs at the plant and 800 more within local dealerships.[192] The manufacturing plant closed on August 31, 2009 . In a statement Harley-Davidson said “The decision to end motorcycle production at this site is consistent with our objective to become … more agile and responsive to changing consumer demand.” Some motorcycle parts will continue to be manufactured there.[193]

In January 2018, Harley Davidson announced that it would transfer much of its European business based in Italy (Milano) to an assembly plant in Thailand.[194]

Harley-Davidson forbids its employees from using the terms “hog” and “hogshead” in official communications. Employees who work on Harley motorcycles are required to use the proper terms (such as Big Twin or Sportster ).[] The company has a similar policy regarding the names of motorcycle parts, referring to them as either Big Twin or Sportster components.[195][196] At times, these policies have been controversial among both dealers and riders. For example, owners sometimes retrofit their bikes with non-approved accessories; this can cause problems if owners seek replacement parts directly from Harley-Davidson since they will assume that all authorized parts must fit properly. Some dealers cannot obtain inventory for res because they use the wrong terminology to order parts.[]

In 2008, Harley-Davidson changed the design of its Twin Cam 88 engines (used in both touring and softail motorcycles) due to an issue with crankshaft failures. The redesigned engine has a crankpin that is supported by three bearings instead of two, and uses Smart Oil Control System; previously only used in the high output Screaming Eagles.[197][198]

Harley Davidson has been criticized for its distribution strategy in India. The company announced plans to sell 100 bikes from August 2011 through select dealerships but did not give any further information on product availability or pricing.[199][200] In February 2012, HDI launched HOG to be sold at Rs. 1.5 crore . At the same time, HDI launched HOG to be sold at Rs. 3.4 lakh which is completely out of reach of 90% Indians who are first time two wheeler buyers.[201] The company does not have any plans in place for assembling bikes in India.

On March 16, 2016, Harley-Davidson announced it would close its assembly plant in Kansas City , Missouri due to a competitive market and manufacturing costs.[202][203]

In 2017, Harley released an electric motorcycle named LiveWire . This was followed by the production of other electric models beginning in 2018 with a “streetfighter” style model called Street Rod .[] In 2019, Harley will release the Pan America adventure touring model. This model will come standard with a front fairing, a seperate saddle bag and hard luggage among other things. A two-model semi-electric touring lineup is planned for 2020.[204] In total, Harley plans to have 50 new models of electric vehicles by 2027.[205] Harley has been criticized over its decision to produce electric motorcycles as opposed to smaller capacity internal combustion engined bikes that may be more suitable to developing markets.[206]

Harley Davidson was the first company in the world to equip all production models with anti-lock brakes . The system is called ABS (Anti-Lock Breaking System) and it was developed jointly by H-D and Bendix . Until recently, however, Harley’s implementation used standard hydraulic brake lines and conventional steel-braided brake hoses – a system that, despite its sophistication in other respects, is fundamentally outdated. This was because the cost of an all-metal brake line adequate to handle the pressures developed by modern brakes had proven prohibitive. A stainless steel braided line strong enough to resist bursting from internal pressure would have been both very expensive and heavy.

In 2006, Harley announced that it would install its proprietary blended aluminum/magnesium alloy “Benelli M-Steel” twin spar frame on all touring models as well as CVO bikes with detachable fairings between mid-2007 and late 2008.[207] The new frame will replace the EL technology used previously by H-D. ISO Stewart Stud Welding produced the M-Steel frame for Harley in its Cleveland, OH factory. This followed long development and testing.[208][209]

Starting with the 2008 model year, all models were equipped with ABS brakes as standard equipment.[207] The company first introduced anti-lock disc brakes on an experimental basis in 1998 and has been using them on Softails since 2002 and Dynas since 2003. Although most of its competitors have adopted similar braking systems, Harley’s implementation is distinctive due to the use of a conventional hydraulic brake master cylinder instead of more advanced (and expensive) dual channel fluid/hydraulic master cylinders used by others. A motorcycle rider can bleed the front and rear brake lines separately through a one-way bleeder valve built into the caliper to equalize line pressure. In addition, even when the front and rear brakes are applied simultaneously, disc locking is not possible because the hydraulic fluid in each circuit operates at different temperatures.[]

In 2015 H-D introduced a new frame design that was lighter and stronger than the EL based design it replaced. The new chassis also incorporated a rubber mounted engine with associated vibration isolation components.[210][211] Dealer motorcycles built after 2017 are now being produced on this updated platform with further components planned for an update in 2020.[212][213][214] The revised suspension, braking system and wheels all work together to offer better handling over previous models.[215] All Harley-Davidson touring models now use tubeless radial tires as standard.[216][217]

As of 2019, Harley-Davidson has undergone two main corporate restructurings: the first occurred in 1969 (Harley-Davidson Motor Company became AmericanMotor Corporation ), and the second was a bankruptcy reorganization in 1984.[218] In 1999, The Parts Group subsidiary was created to sell parts directly to customers through authorized dealers; it now operates as an independent company within Harley-Davidson.[219]

In January 2008, Harley-Davidson announced that Mark-Hans Richer would be appointed Chief Operating Officer (COO) effective July 1, then CEO later in 2008. This came after previous COO Keith Wandell resigned from his position in December 2007.[220] A few months later, on June 5, 2008, Richer was named President and CEO. He immediately set out to revise the company’s product lineup to boost sales, stating that Harley-Davidson will discontinue production of certain models in order to funnel resources into the Street family of motorcycles.[221] He also wished to return the Roadster (a concept model that had been unveiled a few months earlier) to production status.[222]

In an effort to protect its U.S. market share,[223] Harley-Davidson announced plans in April 2009 to build a factory in Thailand for complete motorcycles destined for distribution throughout Southeast Asia.[224][225][226][227] The Thai plant is expected to produce 20,000 bikes a year by late 2011, with production possibly expanding to 50,000 a year later on.[228][229] Harley-Davidson stock fell 10% in the two weeks after the announcement; it had risen 36 percent in 2008.[230]

On August 12, 2009, in an effort to save costs due to declining sales and low profit margins from retail operations,[231] Harley announced plans to close its motorcycle assembly plant in Kansas City , Missouri , which employed around 700 workers. At the same time it would open a new assembly plant in York, Pennsylvania . The move is expected generate cost savings of $30 million annually by 2012.[232][233][234] In February 2010 it was announced that about 250 union employees will be laid off at the York facility by September 2010.[235] Following the Kansas City factory closure, Harley-Davidson began manufacturing motorcycles at a new plant in India . Some industry analysts have suggested this move may presage future expansion into other low cost manufacturing countries.[236][237]

On February 1, 2013, Keith Wandell announced he would retire as CEO by June 2013 and remain until December 31, 2013 as non-executive chairman of the board. The former COO Matt Levatich was appointed CEO on May 8, 2013.[238][239] In January 2016 Scott Douglas succeeded Levatich as President and COO; Mark-Hans Richer continued to serve as Chairman and CEO,[240] a position he had held since 2008 following his appointment that year as COO.

In January 2018, the company announced plans to close its factory in Kansas City in 2019 with the loss of 800 jobs.[241]

Labor relations at Harley-Davidson date from 1914 when five workers were dismissed for attempting to organize a union . The Motor Company responded by locking out its entire workforce except for a few watchmen, and rotating shift work was begun at the plant.[242] This dispute is famous becauseBig Bill Haywood and two other Wobblies (IWW or “Wobbly”) leaders were arrested while speaking on behalf of the locked-out workers, their trial became a cause célèbre among left-wing sympathizers, and they were later acquitted.[242][243] After the acquittals, Haywood, George Speed, and Guy Miller toured the country giving speeches on labor reform .

In 1936 the company was hit with another wave of unionization attempts prompted largely by a desire to secure wage increases during the Great Depression . This time Harley-Davidson hired attorney Emil G. Kieckhaefer (later a U.S. Senator) who systematically broke the United Motor Workers Union by getting rid of union leaders one by one; he also appealed to patriotism , warning that workers would lose production bonuses if they joined unions.[244][245] Kieckhaefer’s anti-union campaign succeeded in blocking union organizing for almost two decades until after World War II , when servicemen returning from the war flocked to the UAW . In response, the Motor Company agreed to recognize unions , instituted a six-day, 40-hour workweek and paid vacations.[242][246] The latter two concessions were seen by many historians as leading directly to Harley-Davidson’s fall from domination of the motorcycle industry in subsequent years.

Labor relations between workers and management have been stable since that time according to an article by David L. Lewis published on October 20, 1986 in The New York Times where he states “Harley has become something of a hallowed name among blue collar workers.”[247] Despite this positive relationship between labor and management there have been at least three instances involving unionization attempts. One such situation occurred when employees at the Harley-Davidson plant in York, Pennsylvania attempted to unionize the workforce. This was met with strong opposition by management. According to a company spokesman:

“We are constantly looking at ways to make our work environment better for our employees,” said Mark Smith, general manager of the factory. “But we feel this would not be good for our business right now.” [248]

The attempts at organizing failed when members of International Association of Machinists District 10 voted against joining the United Steelworkers Union by a tally of 2,253 to 1,311.[249] Additionally, there have been two occasions where the entire Harley-Davidson production line has gone on strike . The first was in 1972 when workers at motorcycle plants in Kansas City and York went on strike for better pay, benefits and working conditions. The second was in 1983 when workers at the company’s plant in Tomahawk walked off the job to protest layoffs stemming from a drop in demand following a severe recession .

In 1978 , Harley-Davidson surprised the industry by introducing the XLCR Sportster Custom (designated model XLCH) with optional fairing . Two years later they followed up with new options: hard saddlebags, luggage rack, backrest, windshield , trunk and heavy-duty suspension.[250] In 1984 , the FXRT Sport Glide tire variant (designated model FLT) was introduced as well. These “touring” models were joined in 1985 by the FXRP Low Rider (FLHX), XLCR Screamin’ Eagle, and FXLT Low. Also in 1985, Harley-Davidson introduced the 1340 cc (74 cu in) watercooled V-twin Evolution engine to replace the Shovelhead.[251] This new powerplant featured an overhead cam instead of a pushrod , was liquid cooled and incorporated electronic ignition .

In 1993 Harley-Davidson made changes to the Sportster line by expanding it into styles such as Fat Boys , Fat Girls, XL 1200C Custom , XL 883L Low and eventually even XR 1200 Sportsters . In addition in 1987 they introduced the Super Glide II for $2,699 that included anti-lock brakes